Venezuela, Malaysia, Angola, New Zealand and Spain win U.N. Security Council seats, Turkey bid fails
‘Venezuela, Malaysia, Angola, New Zealand and Spain won seats on the United Nations Security Council on Thursday for two years from Jan. 1, 2015. The 193-member U.N. General Assembly elected Venezuela with 181 votes, Malaysia with 187 votes, Angola with 190 votes.
All three countries campaigned unopposed for their seats after being chosen as the candidates for their respective regional groups, but still needed to win the votes of two-thirds of the General Assembly to secure their spots.
The only contest was between New Zealand, Spain and Turkey for two seats given to the Western European and others group. New Zealand won a seat during the first round of voting with 145 votes. Spain beat Turkey in a third round of run-off voting.’
- Turkey fails in bid to join UN Security Council
- Venezuela elected to UN security council
- Spain wins seat on UN Security Council
- New Zealand wins seat on UN Security Council
- Angola Goes Big On UN Security Council
- Malaysia: How Will It Perform on the UN Security Council?
- Has America Stopped Even Pretending to Care About the U.N. Security Council?
‘U.N. member states owe the world body about $3.5 billion for its regular operating budget and far-flung peacekeeping operations, the U.N. management chief said Thursday.
Yukio Takasu told reporters after briefing the General Assembly’s budget committee that “as a whole the financial situation of the United Nations is very sound and generally good except the regular budget.”‘
‘Mali’s foreign minister urged the United Nations on Wednesday to consider creating a rapid intervention force to fight extremist groups in the African country’s troubled north, warning that the region “once again runs the risk of becoming the destination of hordes of terrorists.”
Abdoulaye Diop spoke to the U.N. Security Council via videoconference the day after a peacekeeper with the U.N. mission in Mali was killed in a rocket attack. That follows the death of nine peacekeepers in an attack on Friday, the deadliest since the mission began last year.
U.N. peacekeeping chief Herve Ladsous has called the situation “intolerable” as French troops in northern Mali draw down, leaving peacekeepers largely on their own in the rebellious region. Ladsous told the council that the rate of attacks has increased substantially and that with the “quasi-disappearance” of Mali’s forces, “we cannot face the threat alone.”‘
- Mali PM: France, U.N. must step up fight against Islamists in Mali
- Niger to Stay in Mali After Peacekeepers Killed
- Nine U.N. troops killed in worst attack yet on Mali force
- French troops edge closer to Libya border to cut off Islamists
- Chad accuses U.N. of neglecting its peacekeepers in Mali
- Mali: The forgotten war
- UN asks Sahel countries to set up border patrols
- Malian refugees in Niger struggle to cope
‘What is the seizure and control of an area by armed troops? Military occupation. What is the use of violence and intimidation in the pursuit of politico-economic aims? Terrorism. What is the freedom from negative consequences of an injurious action? Impunity.
Military occupation. Terrorism. Impunity.
To far too many of us, these 4 words have become synonymous with the United Nations Stabilization Mission in Haiti, the MINUSTAH which, for the past 10 years, has maintained a reign of terror in Haiti.’
- Haiti: A Movement of Solidarity to End the UN’s Illegal Occupation
- The Haiti Occupation Continues
- 10 Reasons why the UN Occupation of Haiti Must End
- U.N. Confronts another Sex Scandal
- The Death of Gérard Jean-Gilles: How the UN Stonewalled Haitian Justice
- MINUSTAH: Haiti under Military Occupation
- Mass Protests in Haiti: ‘Time for Haitians to Stop Taking Orders From Colonists’
- U.N. sued for ‘bringing cholera to Haiti,’ causing outbreak that killed thousands
- Haiti ‘Reconstruction': Luxury Hotels, Sweat Shops and Deregulation for the Foreign Corporate Elite
- Haiti “Open for Business”: Sourcing Slave Labor for U.S.-Based Companies
- How the U.N. Caused Haiti’s Cholera Crisis, and Won’t Be Held Responsible
- U.S. Gives Haiti the Gift of Prisons
‘We are no longer living in the 19th century with the spectre of Haiti’s successful struggle for its freedom haunting the consciousness of slave masters across the Americas. Yet the military occupation of this country since 2004 by way of the United Nations Stabilization Mission in Haiti (MINUSTAH) is sending a clear message that the Haitians’ tentative step toward exercising control over the destiny in the 1990s and the early years of the new century is still “a source of alarm and terror” to imperial overlords such a Canada, France, and the United States.
The MINUSTAH occupation army has a combined force of 7, 408 soldiers and police personnel as of July 31, 2014. This armed entity has served as the muscle behind the schemes of the local elite and foreign interests in preventing the disenfranchised urban and rural labouring classes from seeking to capture the levers of national political, economic, and social power.
A number of observers have documented the oppressive actions of MINUSTAH in its ten-year occupation of Haiti: involvement in the sexual exploitation and abuse of girls and women; repression of Jean-Bertrand Aristides’ supporters; the general abuses of living under occupation; introduction of cholera that has killed over 8,500 Haitians and infected more than 700,000 people; the suspicious death of a teenager; and the compelling reasons for an end to the occupation.’
- When Will the UN Pay For Its Crimes in Haiti? When Will Anyone?
- Four Years After Cholera Outbreak, UN Secretary General Visits Haiti
- Imperialism’s Coup d’Etat against Democracy and the People of Haiti
- Thousands Demonstrate Calling for End of UN Occupation and Resignation of President and Prime Minister
- We Have an Anti-imperialist Obligation to the People of Haiti
- The Haiti Occupation Continues
‘The UN’s chief of Ebola mission Anthony Banbury said Ebola could become airborne in a ‘nightmare scenario’ but leading scientists have slammed his remarks saying this has never happened and suggesting it is ‘irresponsible’.
Mr Banbury was speaking exclusively to the Telegraph as predictions were made that Ebola could have infected 1.4m people by January.
He said the longer the virus is in humans the greater the chance it could mutate. He said the virus being spread through the air was a ‘nightmare scenario’ but that it ‘could not be ruled out’.
However leading British scientists have rounded on him saying his comments are a distraction and accused him of spreading panic.’
- UN Ebola chief raises ‘nightmare’ that virus could become airborne
- Health workers need optimal respiratory protection for Ebola
- What We’re Afraid to Say About Ebola
- Why Michael Savage Freaks Out About Ebola
- UNSC unanimously declares Ebola ‘threat to international peace’
- Ebola Spreading Faster Than the Efforts to Contain It
- Newsweek’s Monkey Meat Ebola Fearmongering
- Canadian Health Agency Deletes Info on “Airborne Spread” of Ebola
- From 2012: Growing concerns over ‘in the air’ transmission of Ebola
- From 2012: From Pigs to Monkeys, Ebola Goes Airborne
‘Abby Martin speaks with RT Correspondent Marina Portnaya, about a new UN resolution that is being compared to the US Patriot Act, going over how the text could allow countries to increase surveillance under the name of counter terrorism, as well as giving states new tools to crack down on dissent by simply labeling activists ‘terrorists’.’ (Breaking the Set)
‘The speech by Russian Foreign Minister Sergei Lavrov to the 193-nation assembly was the latest example of the deteriorating relations between Moscow and Western powers, which have imposed sanctions on Russia over the conflict in neighboring Ukraine.
“The U.S.-led Western alliance that portrays itself as a champion of democracy, rule of law and human rights within individual countries … (is) rejecting the democratic principle of sovereign equality of states enshrined in the U.N. Charter and trying to decide for everyone what is good or evil,” he said.
“Washington has openly declared its right to unilateral use of force anywhere to uphold its own interests,” Lavrov added. “Military interference has become a norm – even despite the dismal outcome of all power operations that the U.S. has carried out over the recent years.”‘
‘Conflict and instability in the Middle East and parts of Africa look set to push the number of people seeking asylum in industrialized countries to the highest level in 20 years in 2014, the United Nations refugee agency said Friday, warning that the flow of refugees was increasing the strain on already overstretched humanitarian aid budgets.
More than 330,700 people applied for asylum in a group of 44 countries in Europe, North America and parts of the Asia-Pacific region in the first half of the year, the refugee agency reported, almost a quarter more than in the last half of 2013.
From the experience of past years, which saw more people seeking asylum in the second half of the year, it predicts that the number of people seeking refuge in these countries will reach more than 700,000 by the end of the year, the highest level since the Balkan wars of the 1990s.’
‘[...] I am all in favour for generating the largest audiences possible when it comes to topics as important as feminism and gender equality. What I don’t understand, however, is why the UN decided to re-invent the wheel. Why, in 2014, did a keynote speech about gender equality focus on girls dropping out of sports teams, or boys not being able to show their emotions by age 18? I understand that Watson was speaking from personal experience, and even found that her candour added real emotional appeal to her message, but in a world where femicide, FGM, and child marriage are pertinent issues, I don’t think the girl-next-door experience is good enough.’
‘A United Nations human rights team looking into complaints of torture in Azerbaijan said on Wednesday it had cut short its investigations because it had been stopped from visiting some government detention centres.
In a statement issued in Geneva, the five-person group said the action by the authorities in the former Soviet republic had come despite assurances that the team would have unrestricted access to all places where prisoners were held.’
CERD Report: US Slammed for Failure to Fulfill Legal Obligation to Eliminate All Forms of Race Discrimination
‘Three weeks after the shooting of Michael Brown in Ferguson, the United Nations Committee on the Elimination of Racial Discrimination (CERD) published a report detailing how the United States has failed to fulfill its legal obligations under the International Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Racial Discrimination (Convention).
The CERD report was scathing in its criticism of the United States for not complying with the convention’s mandates. Since the United States ratified this treaty, thereby becoming a state party, it is part of US law under the Supremacy Clause of the Constitution.
States parties must comply with the obligations under the convention, including submitting periodic reports to CERD regarding their progress in fulfilling their obligations. CERD is the body that monitors compliance of states parties with the convention. After reviewing the most recent US report, CERD responded with its concluding observations.’
‘Grave human rights violations have been committed during clashes in the Libyan cities of Tripoli and Benghazi, with disastrous consequences for civilians, a UN report said on Friday. The warning came from the UN mission in Tripoli (UNSMIL) and UN rights office only days after Libya’s outgoing government admitted from its safe refuge in the east that it has effectively lost control of the capital to armed militias.
The report accused the combatants of “indiscriminate shelling and attacks on civilian objects, the shelling of hospitals, the abduction of civilians, torture and unlawful killings”, including of women and children. “Dozens of civilians were reportedly abducted in Tripoli and Benghazi solely for their actual or suspected tribal, family or religious affiliation, and have remained missing since the time of their abduction,” it said. The United Nations agencies appealed to all parties to prioritise the protection of civilians.’
- UN: 250,000 have fled militia fighting in Libya
- Helicopters bomb Islamist ammunition sites in Libya’s Benghazi
- Libyan jet crashes in Tobruk near parliament
- UN Envoy Opposes Foreign Intervention in Libya
- U.N. Security Council passes Libya resolution amid concern over secret airstrikes
- Proxy War Feared in Libya as UN Envoy Warns Against Foreign Intervention
- UN to impose sanctions on Libyan militia leaders
- Libya’s UN Envoy Warns of ‘Full-Blown Civil War’
‘The United Nations failed in its mandate to protect Sri Lankan civilians caught up in the final phases of the Indian Ocean island’s bloody war, a new report has said.
Sri Lanka’s civil conflict ended in May 2009 in cataclysmic final battle in which government forces surrounded Tamil rebels on a tiny strip of coastal land, where the separatists kept hundreds of thousands of civilians as human shields.
A 2011 U.N. probe estimates about 40,000 people were killed in the final phases of the war, mostly by army shelling and bombardments. Sri Lanka has rejected the allegation and claims in its own investigation that around 7,000 people died.’
- UN chief says access not a must for Sri Lanka war crimes probe
- Sri Lanka president adamant on barring UN war crimes investigators
- Sri Lanka accuses UN rights chief of prejudice in war crimes probe
- Protesters in Sri Lanka Disrupt Meeting on Civil War Missing
- Sri Lanka’s NGO crackdown triggers free speech fears
- Sri Lanka to investigate war crimes; appoints foreign experts
- Sri Lanka accused of turning blind eye to violence
- Sri Lanka opposes UN-backed war crimes probe
- Sri Lanka rejects devolving police powers to ease tension with Tamils
- Tamils say barred from commemorating war dead, Sri Lanka denies
- Report: Sri Lanka bans, freezes funds of 15 Tamil diaspora groups
- Motions & Emotions: Neo-Feudalism in Sri Lanka
- U.S. expresses concern on Sri Lanka’s arrest of rights activists
- Sri Lanka army admits torture of women
- Dispute on Sri Lanka War Crimes Escalates
- Sri Lanka: silencing the civil war survivors
- Sri Lanka Denounces Push to Open War Inquiry
- Russia rejects proposed war crimes probe for Sri Lanka
- Sri Lankan security forces destroyed evidence of war crimes, report claims
- New Inquiry on Sri Lanka Points to Possible War Crimes
- Sri Lanka Refuses Visa for US State Dept Official After War Crimes Accusations
- Tamil leaders vow to prove ‘genocide’ in civil war
Saudi Arabia remains on U.N. Human Rights Council despite 19 beheadings, including one for “sorcery”
‘Ask any human rights organization where they stand on chopping off people’s heads and they’ll probably say such actions constitute a violation of human rights.
And yet, one nation that does a lot of beheadings is on the United Nations’ Human Rights Council. Lately, in fact, Saudi Arabia can’t seem to get enough beheadings. Its government has executed at least 19 people using this method since August 4, according to Human Rights Watch (HRW).
Of the 19, eight were found guilty of non-violent offenses; seven for drug smuggling and one for committing sorcery.’
‘UN’s human rights chief Navi Pillay has strongly criticised the UN Security Council for its failure to prevent conflicts around the world. “Greater responsiveness by this council would have saved hundreds of thousands of lives,” she told a meeting of the 15-member body.
She said that national interest had repeatedly taken precedence over human suffering and breaches of world peace. Her briefing came just days before her six-year term comes to an end. UN Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon was milder in his criticism, but acknowledged that “it is the time for a new era of collaboration, co-operation and action from the Security Council”.’
‘The United Nations Human Rights Council, or UNHRC, in a statement released Monday, announced the appointment of three experts to an international commission of inquiry that will investigate allegations of war crimes and violations of “international humanitarian and human rights laws” during the Israeli military’s assault on the Gaza Strip.
[...] The international commission of inquiry, which was launched on July 23 after 29 countries voted in its favor, is slated to submit its report by March 2015. Israel, responding to Monday’s announcement, reiterated its earlier stance and denounced the UNHRC panel as a “kangaroo court,” Al Jazeera reported… Hamas, on the other hand, said that the formation of the commission was an important step forward… The UNHRC announcement came on the second day of a 72-hour cease-fire between Hamas and Israel during which the two sides have resumed indirect talks in Cairo, mediated by Egypt.’
- UN names Gaza probe panel, headed by harsh Israel critic
- Netanyahu asks US to help Israel avoid war crime charges
- Ban Ki-moon secretly worked with Israel to undermine UN report into Gaza war crimes, says WikiLeaks
- If the Nobel Peace Prize can be handed to Obama, why not hand it to the Israeli Defence Force?
- Fidel Castro: The Palestinian Holocaust in Gaza
- Israel deliberately attacking medical workers in Gaza, Amnesty says
- Justice for victims of alleged Israeli crimes remains elusive
- Israel to declare Gaza ‘enemy territory’ to avoid payouts to inhabitants
- Evidence shows Sony helps Israel in Gaza war
- Gaza conflict: The hundreds who lost their lives
- Jordan’s Abdullah: Israel must be held accountable for what is happening in Gaza
- Israeli Forces Shoot Dead 11 Year Old Palestinian Boy Near Al-Khalil
- How the Israeli discourse on terrorism seeks to justify blatant war crimes
- Evidence Emerges of Israeli “Shoot To Cripple” Policy In the Occupied West Bank
- Netanyahu: Would Have Been a ‘Moral Mistake’ Not to Attack Gaza Schools
- Gaza Strip: ‘Nuremberg Trials’ against Israel Demanded by Italian Academics
- Israeli attacks designed to “terrorize” Gaza population, international law experts say
ICG’s Nathan Thrall: Likely solution for a lasting ceasefire was on the table before Israeli assault and over 1,800 dead
‘Is a lasting ceasefire in Gaza possible — and on what terms? Our guest Nathan Thrall has laid out a possible plan for a ceasefire in his new article in the London Review of Books, “Hamas’s Chances.” Thrall writes: “The obvious solution is to let the new Palestinian government return to Gaza and reconstruct it. Israel can claim it is weakening Hamas by strengthening its enemies. Hamas can claim it won the recognition of the new government and a significant lifting of the blockade. This solution would of course have been available to Israel, the U.S., Egypt and the Palestinian Authority in the weeks and months before the war began, before so many lives were shattered.” Speaking to us from Jerusalem, Thrall is a senior analyst at the International Crisis Group, covering Gaza, Israel, Jordan and the West Bank. He also addresses Hamas’ accusation that Israel misled the world about the alleged capture of an Israeli soldier. On Friday, Israel said one of soldiers, Lt. Hadar Goldin, had been captured near Rafah. His suspected abduction led to an Israeli offensive in Rafah that killed more than 100 people and the collapse of a U.S.- and U.N.-brokered ceasefire.’ (Democracy Now!)
- If War Ends, What’s Next for the Gaza Strip?
- Hamas proposes 10-year cease-fire in return for conditions being met
- Livni: Israel mulling underground barrier to physically separate from Gaza
- Netanyahu’s vision for Gaza: Internationally supervised demilitarization
- Liberman calls for UN mandate in Gaza
- Israel not to attend Gaza truce talks in Cairo
- After Ceasefire Collapse, Israeli Cabinet Likely to Approve Escalating Gaza War
- Israel may be required to help displaced Gaza Palestinians: U.N. envoy
- British PM: Two-state solution beginning to look impossible
- List of Hamas demands, and why Israel unlikely to accept them
- Israel should consider Hamas’ cease-fire offer more seriously
Editor’s Note: Video from the UN Security Council meeting comes at around 6:30, after some typically biased reporting on the situation.
- US-Israel relations take a tumble after Kerry’s latest round of ‘shuttle diplomacy’
- Israel warns of ‘prolonged’ campaign in Gaza
- Islamic Jihad: No cease-fire until blockade is lifted
- Poll: 86.5% of Israelis oppose cease-fire
- Israel Focuses Anti-Ceasefire Rage on Kerry
- Hamas chief: We cannot coexist with occupiers
- Lindsey Graham: U.N. move ‘anti-Semitic’
- Pope Francis makes plea for peace
- Gaza fighting continues as both sides reject others’ ceasefire announcements
- Hamas Faces Criticism for Rejecting Israel’s Unilateral Ceasefire
- IDF massive bombing in Gaza minutes before 12hr ceasefire
- Thousands of Israelis protest the Gaza war
- WHO seeks humanitarian corridor to evacuate Gaza wounded
- Israeli Cabinet Unanimously Rejects Gaza Ceasefire
- Israel’s Cabinet Hawks Rail Against Notion of Ending War
- Destroy Hamas? Something worse would follow: Pentagon intel chief
- Ex-FBI director warns that Gaza violence will fuel al-Qaida threat
- Gaza massacre is generating ideological crisis in American Zionists
- Gideon Levy: If Netanyahu Wants to Stop the Rockets, He Needs to Accept a Just Peace
- What Does Hamas Really Want? Gideon Levy on Ending the Crippling Blockade of Gaza
- Reaping what we have sown in Gaza
- From 2006: Hamas drops call for destruction of Israel from manifesto
‘According to a report, Angela Merkel may be considering stepping down from the German chancellorship to pursue the European Council presidency or to helm the United Nations. Both positions will be open in 2017 and Merkel has reportedly signaled that she doesn’t wish to serve out her entire term, which ends in 2017.’
‘State lawmakers in Missouri last week revived an effort to significantly curtail local planners’ ability to adopt the type of smart-growth policies long touted by urban developers, demographers, and climate scientists. The bill, which sailed through the state’s lower chamber this past Monday, represents the latest victory for a onetime fringe movement that has spent the past two decades slowly gaining traction among conservatives by warning of an actual, real-life U.N.-orchestrated global takeover.
The specific target of the Missouri legislation may be well-known to heavy consumers of conservative media, but most Americans have probably never heard of it: Agenda 21, a nonbinding resolution that was signed by President George H.W. Bush and 177 other world leaders at the end of the United Nations’ 1992 Earth Summit in Rio de Janeiro. The effort was hailed at the time as an important, albeit voluntary, action plan to promote sustainable development in the face of a rapidly expanding global population, but ultimately failed to become much more than a feel-good Democratic talking point back in the United States. In 2012 a full 85 percent of Americans didn’t know enough about the U.N. resolution to have an opinion on it, according to a poll commissioned by the American Planning Association that summer.
Not everyone forgot about it, however. Agenda 21 remained front and center for a subset of right-wing conservatives who warned that it was a harbinger of a looming new world order that would culminate with the seizure of land and guns, and an end to the American way of life. If that last part sounds like the plot of a dystopian novel written by Glenn Beck, well, that’s because it is. But what began as a far-fetched conspiracy theory has since transformed into an effective, almost methodical movement to block the type of “livability” initiatives that President Obama and his allies have made a priority. If you look past the black helicopters in the anti-Agenda 21 origin story, you’ll find a series of smart-growth-blocking victories at the state and local levels in nearly every corner of the country…’
‘Diplomats say Russia has refused to allow the U.S. television series “House of Cards” to film in the United Nations Security Council chamber.
The show’s producers approached the United Nations, and the 15 council members were asked whether they would allow the use of the chamber when the council wasn’t in session, but Russia said “no,” the diplomats said. They spoke on condition of anonymity because the discussions were private.’
‘The UN’s Human Rights Council (HRC) has set up a commission of inquiry into Eritrea, seen as one of the world’s most repressive states. The three-member panel will report back in one year. In a statement, the HRC condemned “widespread and systematic” human rights violations, including torture and other cruel punishments. Eritrea rejected the resolution.
Human rights groups have previously called the country a “giant prison”. Amnesty International last year said some 10,000 Eritreans had been imprisoned for political reasons since independence from Ethiopia in 1993. This was denied by the government.’
- Eritrea’s military is trafficking the nation’s children, report says
- Eritrea: ‘10,000 Political Prisoners in Awful Conditions’
- Eritrean Troops Mobilise Against Apparent Coup Attempt
- Dissident Eritrean Troops Demand Release of Political Prisoners
- UN Rights Chief Accuses Eritrea of Torture, Killings
- Eritrea Denies Rumors Its President Is Dead
‘A United Nations’ committee approved a new resolution calling on the UK and Argentina to negotiate a solution to their dispute over the Falkland Islands, essentially favouring Argentina’s stance in the long-running feud. The 24-nation Decolonization Committee passed the resolution by consensus despite passionate speeches from two Falkland Islands representatives who said most islanders wanted to keep things as they are.
The decision showed that the committee members have been largely unmoved by a referendum in the Falkland Islands last year in which more than 99 per cent of voters favoured remaining a British Overseas Territory. The UK has rebuffed Argentina’s calls to negotiate the sovereignty of the south Atlantic islands, saying it is up to people who live there to decide. Argentinian Foreign Minister Hector Timerman attacked the UK for ignoring dozens of UN resolutions urging the two countries to talk.’
‘The Oxford Poverty & Human Development Initiative (OPHI) released a report, the Global Multidimensional Poverty Index 2014 (MPI), on Tuesday looking at the state of poverty in the world today. It is being touted as the most accurate reflection of the world’s poor, a sort of census of the global impoverished population. Didn’t that exist already? For more than a decade, the United Nations Development Programme has measured world poverty using its Human Poverty Index (HPI). The HPI defined poverty as those making less than $1.25 a day.
But it lacked in two key areas. First, it counted countries as one whole mass, unable to differentiate degrees of poverty within a country and locate the worst pockets. And second, it placed all of its scrutiny on income, without considering other indicators such as health and education…OPHI reconsidered poverty from a new angle: a measure of what the authors term generally as “deprivations.” They relied on three datasets that do more than capture income: the Demographic and Health Survey, the Multiple Indicators Cluster Survey, and the World Health Survey, each of which measures quality of life indicators. Poverty wasn’t just a vague number anymore, but a snapshot of on-the-ground conditions people were facing.’
‘The number of people living as refugees from war or persecution exceeded 50 million in 2013, for the first time since World War Two, the UN says. The overall figure of 51.2 million is six million higher than the year before,a report by the UN refugee agency says. Antonio Guterres, head of the UNHCR, told the BBC the rise was a “dramatic challenge” for aid organisations.
Conflicts in Syria, central Africa and South Sudan fuelled the sharp increase. “Conflicts are multiplying, more and more,” Mr Guterres said. “And at the same time old conflicts seem never to die.” Of particular concern are the estimated 6.3 million people who have been refugees for years, sometimes even decades.’