CERD Report: US Slammed for Failure to Fulfill Legal Obligation to Eliminate All Forms of Race Discrimination
‘Three weeks after the shooting of Michael Brown in Ferguson, the United Nations Committee on the Elimination of Racial Discrimination (CERD) published a report detailing how the United States has failed to fulfill its legal obligations under the International Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Racial Discrimination (Convention).
The CERD report was scathing in its criticism of the United States for not complying with the convention’s mandates. Since the United States ratified this treaty, thereby becoming a state party, it is part of US law under the Supremacy Clause of the Constitution.
States parties must comply with the obligations under the convention, including submitting periodic reports to CERD regarding their progress in fulfilling their obligations. CERD is the body that monitors compliance of states parties with the convention. After reviewing the most recent US report, CERD responded with its concluding observations.’
‘Grave human rights violations have been committed during clashes in the Libyan cities of Tripoli and Benghazi, with disastrous consequences for civilians, a UN report said on Friday. The warning came from the UN mission in Tripoli (UNSMIL) and UN rights office only days after Libya’s outgoing government admitted from its safe refuge in the east that it has effectively lost control of the capital to armed militias.
The report accused the combatants of “indiscriminate shelling and attacks on civilian objects, the shelling of hospitals, the abduction of civilians, torture and unlawful killings”, including of women and children. “Dozens of civilians were reportedly abducted in Tripoli and Benghazi solely for their actual or suspected tribal, family or religious affiliation, and have remained missing since the time of their abduction,” it said. The United Nations agencies appealed to all parties to prioritise the protection of civilians.’
- UN: 250,000 have fled militia fighting in Libya
- Helicopters bomb Islamist ammunition sites in Libya’s Benghazi
- Libyan jet crashes in Tobruk near parliament
- UN Envoy Opposes Foreign Intervention in Libya
- U.N. Security Council passes Libya resolution amid concern over secret airstrikes
- Proxy War Feared in Libya as UN Envoy Warns Against Foreign Intervention
- UN to impose sanctions on Libyan militia leaders
- Libya’s UN Envoy Warns of ‘Full-Blown Civil War’
‘The United Nations failed in its mandate to protect Sri Lankan civilians caught up in the final phases of the Indian Ocean island’s bloody war, a new report has said.
Sri Lanka’s civil conflict ended in May 2009 in cataclysmic final battle in which government forces surrounded Tamil rebels on a tiny strip of coastal land, where the separatists kept hundreds of thousands of civilians as human shields.
A 2011 U.N. probe estimates about 40,000 people were killed in the final phases of the war, mostly by army shelling and bombardments. Sri Lanka has rejected the allegation and claims in its own investigation that around 7,000 people died.’
- UN chief says access not a must for Sri Lanka war crimes probe
- Sri Lanka president adamant on barring UN war crimes investigators
- Sri Lanka accuses UN rights chief of prejudice in war crimes probe
- Protesters in Sri Lanka Disrupt Meeting on Civil War Missing
- Sri Lanka’s NGO crackdown triggers free speech fears
- Sri Lanka to investigate war crimes; appoints foreign experts
- Sri Lanka accused of turning blind eye to violence
- Sri Lanka opposes UN-backed war crimes probe
- Sri Lanka rejects devolving police powers to ease tension with Tamils
- Tamils say barred from commemorating war dead, Sri Lanka denies
- Report: Sri Lanka bans, freezes funds of 15 Tamil diaspora groups
- Motions & Emotions: Neo-Feudalism in Sri Lanka
- U.S. expresses concern on Sri Lanka’s arrest of rights activists
- Sri Lanka army admits torture of women
- Dispute on Sri Lanka War Crimes Escalates
- Sri Lanka: silencing the civil war survivors
- Sri Lanka Denounces Push to Open War Inquiry
- Russia rejects proposed war crimes probe for Sri Lanka
- Sri Lankan security forces destroyed evidence of war crimes, report claims
- New Inquiry on Sri Lanka Points to Possible War Crimes
- Sri Lanka Refuses Visa for US State Dept Official After War Crimes Accusations
- Tamil leaders vow to prove ‘genocide’ in civil war
Saudi Arabia remains on U.N. Human Rights Council despite 19 beheadings, including one for “sorcery”
‘Ask any human rights organization where they stand on chopping off people’s heads and they’ll probably say such actions constitute a violation of human rights.
And yet, one nation that does a lot of beheadings is on the United Nations’ Human Rights Council. Lately, in fact, Saudi Arabia can’t seem to get enough beheadings. Its government has executed at least 19 people using this method since August 4, according to Human Rights Watch (HRW).
Of the 19, eight were found guilty of non-violent offenses; seven for drug smuggling and one for committing sorcery.’
‘UN’s human rights chief Navi Pillay has strongly criticised the UN Security Council for its failure to prevent conflicts around the world. “Greater responsiveness by this council would have saved hundreds of thousands of lives,” she told a meeting of the 15-member body.
She said that national interest had repeatedly taken precedence over human suffering and breaches of world peace. Her briefing came just days before her six-year term comes to an end. UN Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon was milder in his criticism, but acknowledged that “it is the time for a new era of collaboration, co-operation and action from the Security Council”.’
‘The United Nations Human Rights Council, or UNHRC, in a statement released Monday, announced the appointment of three experts to an international commission of inquiry that will investigate allegations of war crimes and violations of “international humanitarian and human rights laws” during the Israeli military’s assault on the Gaza Strip.
[...] The international commission of inquiry, which was launched on July 23 after 29 countries voted in its favor, is slated to submit its report by March 2015. Israel, responding to Monday’s announcement, reiterated its earlier stance and denounced the UNHRC panel as a “kangaroo court,” Al Jazeera reported… Hamas, on the other hand, said that the formation of the commission was an important step forward… The UNHRC announcement came on the second day of a 72-hour cease-fire between Hamas and Israel during which the two sides have resumed indirect talks in Cairo, mediated by Egypt.’
- UN names Gaza probe panel, headed by harsh Israel critic
- Netanyahu asks US to help Israel avoid war crime charges
- Ban Ki-moon secretly worked with Israel to undermine UN report into Gaza war crimes, says WikiLeaks
- If the Nobel Peace Prize can be handed to Obama, why not hand it to the Israeli Defence Force?
- Fidel Castro: The Palestinian Holocaust in Gaza
- Israel deliberately attacking medical workers in Gaza, Amnesty says
- Justice for victims of alleged Israeli crimes remains elusive
- Israel to declare Gaza ‘enemy territory’ to avoid payouts to inhabitants
- Evidence shows Sony helps Israel in Gaza war
- Gaza conflict: The hundreds who lost their lives
- Jordan’s Abdullah: Israel must be held accountable for what is happening in Gaza
- Israeli Forces Shoot Dead 11 Year Old Palestinian Boy Near Al-Khalil
- How the Israeli discourse on terrorism seeks to justify blatant war crimes
- Evidence Emerges of Israeli “Shoot To Cripple” Policy In the Occupied West Bank
- Netanyahu: Would Have Been a ‘Moral Mistake’ Not to Attack Gaza Schools
- Gaza Strip: ‘Nuremberg Trials’ against Israel Demanded by Italian Academics
- Israeli attacks designed to “terrorize” Gaza population, international law experts say
ICG’s Nathan Thrall: Likely solution for a lasting ceasefire was on the table before Israeli assault and over 1,800 dead
‘Is a lasting ceasefire in Gaza possible — and on what terms? Our guest Nathan Thrall has laid out a possible plan for a ceasefire in his new article in the London Review of Books, “Hamas’s Chances.” Thrall writes: “The obvious solution is to let the new Palestinian government return to Gaza and reconstruct it. Israel can claim it is weakening Hamas by strengthening its enemies. Hamas can claim it won the recognition of the new government and a significant lifting of the blockade. This solution would of course have been available to Israel, the U.S., Egypt and the Palestinian Authority in the weeks and months before the war began, before so many lives were shattered.” Speaking to us from Jerusalem, Thrall is a senior analyst at the International Crisis Group, covering Gaza, Israel, Jordan and the West Bank. He also addresses Hamas’ accusation that Israel misled the world about the alleged capture of an Israeli soldier. On Friday, Israel said one of soldiers, Lt. Hadar Goldin, had been captured near Rafah. His suspected abduction led to an Israeli offensive in Rafah that killed more than 100 people and the collapse of a U.S.- and U.N.-brokered ceasefire.’ (Democracy Now!)
- If War Ends, What’s Next for the Gaza Strip?
- Hamas proposes 10-year cease-fire in return for conditions being met
- Livni: Israel mulling underground barrier to physically separate from Gaza
- Netanyahu’s vision for Gaza: Internationally supervised demilitarization
- Liberman calls for UN mandate in Gaza
- Israel not to attend Gaza truce talks in Cairo
- After Ceasefire Collapse, Israeli Cabinet Likely to Approve Escalating Gaza War
- Israel may be required to help displaced Gaza Palestinians: U.N. envoy
- British PM: Two-state solution beginning to look impossible
- List of Hamas demands, and why Israel unlikely to accept them
- Israel should consider Hamas’ cease-fire offer more seriously
Editor’s Note: Video from the UN Security Council meeting comes at around 6:30, after some typically biased reporting on the situation.
- US-Israel relations take a tumble after Kerry’s latest round of ‘shuttle diplomacy’
- Israel warns of ‘prolonged’ campaign in Gaza
- Islamic Jihad: No cease-fire until blockade is lifted
- Poll: 86.5% of Israelis oppose cease-fire
- Israel Focuses Anti-Ceasefire Rage on Kerry
- Hamas chief: We cannot coexist with occupiers
- Lindsey Graham: U.N. move ‘anti-Semitic’
- Pope Francis makes plea for peace
- Gaza fighting continues as both sides reject others’ ceasefire announcements
- Hamas Faces Criticism for Rejecting Israel’s Unilateral Ceasefire
- IDF massive bombing in Gaza minutes before 12hr ceasefire
- Thousands of Israelis protest the Gaza war
- WHO seeks humanitarian corridor to evacuate Gaza wounded
- Israeli Cabinet Unanimously Rejects Gaza Ceasefire
- Israel’s Cabinet Hawks Rail Against Notion of Ending War
- Destroy Hamas? Something worse would follow: Pentagon intel chief
- Ex-FBI director warns that Gaza violence will fuel al-Qaida threat
- Gaza massacre is generating ideological crisis in American Zionists
- Gideon Levy: If Netanyahu Wants to Stop the Rockets, He Needs to Accept a Just Peace
- What Does Hamas Really Want? Gideon Levy on Ending the Crippling Blockade of Gaza
- Reaping what we have sown in Gaza
- From 2006: Hamas drops call for destruction of Israel from manifesto
‘According to a report, Angela Merkel may be considering stepping down from the German chancellorship to pursue the European Council presidency or to helm the United Nations. Both positions will be open in 2017 and Merkel has reportedly signaled that she doesn’t wish to serve out her entire term, which ends in 2017.’
‘State lawmakers in Missouri last week revived an effort to significantly curtail local planners’ ability to adopt the type of smart-growth policies long touted by urban developers, demographers, and climate scientists. The bill, which sailed through the state’s lower chamber this past Monday, represents the latest victory for a onetime fringe movement that has spent the past two decades slowly gaining traction among conservatives by warning of an actual, real-life U.N.-orchestrated global takeover.
The specific target of the Missouri legislation may be well-known to heavy consumers of conservative media, but most Americans have probably never heard of it: Agenda 21, a nonbinding resolution that was signed by President George H.W. Bush and 177 other world leaders at the end of the United Nations’ 1992 Earth Summit in Rio de Janeiro. The effort was hailed at the time as an important, albeit voluntary, action plan to promote sustainable development in the face of a rapidly expanding global population, but ultimately failed to become much more than a feel-good Democratic talking point back in the United States. In 2012 a full 85 percent of Americans didn’t know enough about the U.N. resolution to have an opinion on it, according to a poll commissioned by the American Planning Association that summer.
Not everyone forgot about it, however. Agenda 21 remained front and center for a subset of right-wing conservatives who warned that it was a harbinger of a looming new world order that would culminate with the seizure of land and guns, and an end to the American way of life. If that last part sounds like the plot of a dystopian novel written by Glenn Beck, well, that’s because it is. But what began as a far-fetched conspiracy theory has since transformed into an effective, almost methodical movement to block the type of “livability” initiatives that President Obama and his allies have made a priority. If you look past the black helicopters in the anti-Agenda 21 origin story, you’ll find a series of smart-growth-blocking victories at the state and local levels in nearly every corner of the country…’
‘Diplomats say Russia has refused to allow the U.S. television series “House of Cards” to film in the United Nations Security Council chamber.
The show’s producers approached the United Nations, and the 15 council members were asked whether they would allow the use of the chamber when the council wasn’t in session, but Russia said “no,” the diplomats said. They spoke on condition of anonymity because the discussions were private.’
‘The UN’s Human Rights Council (HRC) has set up a commission of inquiry into Eritrea, seen as one of the world’s most repressive states. The three-member panel will report back in one year. In a statement, the HRC condemned “widespread and systematic” human rights violations, including torture and other cruel punishments. Eritrea rejected the resolution.
Human rights groups have previously called the country a “giant prison”. Amnesty International last year said some 10,000 Eritreans had been imprisoned for political reasons since independence from Ethiopia in 1993. This was denied by the government.’
- Eritrea’s military is trafficking the nation’s children, report says
- Eritrea: ‘10,000 Political Prisoners in Awful Conditions’
- Eritrean Troops Mobilise Against Apparent Coup Attempt
- Dissident Eritrean Troops Demand Release of Political Prisoners
- UN Rights Chief Accuses Eritrea of Torture, Killings
- Eritrea Denies Rumors Its President Is Dead
‘A United Nations’ committee approved a new resolution calling on the UK and Argentina to negotiate a solution to their dispute over the Falkland Islands, essentially favouring Argentina’s stance in the long-running feud. The 24-nation Decolonization Committee passed the resolution by consensus despite passionate speeches from two Falkland Islands representatives who said most islanders wanted to keep things as they are.
The decision showed that the committee members have been largely unmoved by a referendum in the Falkland Islands last year in which more than 99 per cent of voters favoured remaining a British Overseas Territory. The UK has rebuffed Argentina’s calls to negotiate the sovereignty of the south Atlantic islands, saying it is up to people who live there to decide. Argentinian Foreign Minister Hector Timerman attacked the UK for ignoring dozens of UN resolutions urging the two countries to talk.’
‘The Oxford Poverty & Human Development Initiative (OPHI) released a report, the Global Multidimensional Poverty Index 2014 (MPI), on Tuesday looking at the state of poverty in the world today. It is being touted as the most accurate reflection of the world’s poor, a sort of census of the global impoverished population. Didn’t that exist already? For more than a decade, the United Nations Development Programme has measured world poverty using its Human Poverty Index (HPI). The HPI defined poverty as those making less than $1.25 a day.
But it lacked in two key areas. First, it counted countries as one whole mass, unable to differentiate degrees of poverty within a country and locate the worst pockets. And second, it placed all of its scrutiny on income, without considering other indicators such as health and education…OPHI reconsidered poverty from a new angle: a measure of what the authors term generally as “deprivations.” They relied on three datasets that do more than capture income: the Demographic and Health Survey, the Multiple Indicators Cluster Survey, and the World Health Survey, each of which measures quality of life indicators. Poverty wasn’t just a vague number anymore, but a snapshot of on-the-ground conditions people were facing.’
‘The number of people living as refugees from war or persecution exceeded 50 million in 2013, for the first time since World War Two, the UN says. The overall figure of 51.2 million is six million higher than the year before,a report by the UN refugee agency says. Antonio Guterres, head of the UNHCR, told the BBC the rise was a “dramatic challenge” for aid organisations.
Conflicts in Syria, central Africa and South Sudan fuelled the sharp increase. “Conflicts are multiplying, more and more,” Mr Guterres said. “And at the same time old conflicts seem never to die.” Of particular concern are the estimated 6.3 million people who have been refugees for years, sometimes even decades.’
‘Uganda’s Foreign Minister Sam Kutesa, who was previously ousted as a junior investment minister over claims he abused his office, is not fit to become the president of the United Nations General Assembly, a watchdog has said. Kutesa has been implicated in at least two more scandals since 1999, including allegations that he accepted bribes from foreign companies seeking oil contracts in Uganda.
“He’s a hugely divisive figure because of his chequered history in Uganda’s politics,” said Nicholas Opiyo, a prominent Ugandan lawyer who runs a watchdog group called Chapter Four. “He’s not a paragon of virtues and he’s not the best this country can put forward,” Opiyo said. Kutesa, who denies all allegations, is Africa’s unanimous choice to become the UN General Assembly’s president. He’s expected to be elected to the UN position on June 11, replacing John W Ashe of Antigua and Barbuda. The post rotates annually by region.’
‘Are robots capable of moral or ethical reasoning? It’s no longer just a question for tenured philosophy professors or Hollywood directors. This week, it’s a question being put to the United Nations. The Office of Naval Research will award $7.5 million in grant money over five years to university researchers from Tufts, Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute, Brown, Yale and Georgetown to explore how to build a sense of right and wrong and moral consequence into autonomous robotic systems.
“Even though today’s unmanned systems are ‘dumb’ in comparison to a human counterpart, strides are being made quickly to incorporate more automation at a faster pace than we’ve seen before,” Paul Bello, director of the cognitive science program at the Office of Naval Research told Defense One. “For example, Google’s self-driving cars are legal and in-use in several states at this point. As researchers, we are playing catch-up trying to figure out the ethical and legal implications. We do not want to be caught similarly flat-footed in any kind of military domain where lives are at stake.”’
- United Nations to Debate ‘Should We Ban Killer Robots?’
- ‘Killer robots’ to be debated at UN
- Why There Will Be A Robot Uprising
- Every Country Will Have Armed Drones Within Ten Years
- April 2013 report to the U.N. on Lethal autonomous robotics (LARs)
- Reigning in the Killer Robot? The DoD’s Directive on Autonomous Weapons
- DoD Directive: Autonomy in Weapon Systems
- Moral Machines: Teaching Robots Right from Wrong (Book)
- Governing Lethal Behavior in Autonomous Robots (Book)
- Governing Lethal Behavior: Embedding Ethics in a Hybrid Deliberative/Reactive Robot Architecture
‘The arms race is going sci-fi, and humans are playing catch-up. United Nations diplomats convened today in Geneva for a week-long meeting of experts on killer robots. Lethal Automated Weapon Systems (LAWS) — their more technical term — would be able to track and engage targets on their own, without human intervention. They don’t yet exist, but several countries are close. Though armed robots conjure images of Terminator-like humanoids, they would likely first come from the sky, the evolved offspring of drones used by the CIA.
…Drones as we know them — the ones buzzing over tribal lands in Pakistan and attacking convoys (and weddings) in Yemen — are not considered autonomous since operators control them, albeit with a joystick, thousands of miles away. However, US defense contractor Northrop Grumman has developed the X-47b, an autonomous drone aircraft capable of flying itself, and, with a few tweaks, it could eventually fire a weapon on its own. The UK and Israel are also working on autonomous armed drones.
South Korea already has robot sentries, Samsung-built surveillance robots armed with 5.56 mm machine guns and grenade launchers that watch over the demilitarized zone separating north from south. For now, the machines — like drones — are overseen by soldiers, but they retain the capacity of autonomously targeting and firing using infrared detectors. Human rights groups hope to use the meeting as a step towards eventually banning cyborgs under the 1980 “Convention on Certain Conventional Weapons (CCW),” the international agreement that today outlaws the likes of white phosphorus, napalm, booby traps and mines.’
‘Three decades after the U.N. Convention Against Torture imposed measures to eradicate the practice, torture still happens in 141 countries — many of which are signatories to that convention — according to Amnesty International’s annual report on torture released Tuesday.
According to the 1948 Universal Declaration on Human Rights, “No one shall be subjected to torture or to cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment or punishment.” That agreement, as well as the various Geneva Conventions and the International Covenant on Civil and Political rights, have all dictated an absolute ban on torture for any purpose — even in times of war.
And yet, in police headquarters, secret prisons and CIA black sites, detainees across the globe report being subjected to torture as a means of extracting information or confessions, silencing dissent or simply as punishment. The Amnesty report details 27 categories of torture reported in the past year, including electric shocks, mock executions, water torture, rape and sexual violence and the pulling of teeth.’
‘Abby Martin speaks with Jane Bussman, comedian and author of the book ‘A Journey to the Dark Heart of Nameless Unspeakable Evil’ a comedic yet sensible account of her experience hunting for Ugandan warlord, Joseph Kony, also discussing the negative impact of foreign aid in Africa.’ (Breaking the Set)
A new U.N. report names 21 countries where rape and other sexual violence has been committed in current and recent conflicts, from Afghanistan and Central African Republic to Myanmar and Syria. Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon’s report, launched Thursday, says there is now unprecedented political momentum globally to end conflict-related sexual violence, but more action is needed regionally and nationally to respond to these crimes.
The report identifies 34 armed groups — including militias, rebel groups and government security forces — “credibly suspected of rape and other forms of sexual violence in conflict situations” in countries that are on the agenda of the U.N. Security Council. The groups listed in an annex to the report are from the Central African Republic, Ivory Coast, Congo, Mali, South Sudan and Syria. Bangura said perpetrators almost never face justice, and survivors often don’t get help to recover physically and rebuild their lives.
A North Korean spokesman is blaming the United States and its allies for a “human rights racket” a day after the U.N. Security Council met to discuss a new report that accuses the reclusive communist regime of crimes against humanity. The North’s official Korean Central News Agency on Friday quoted a spokesman for the country’s foreign ministry and accused the U.S. and allies of reaching an “extremely reckless phase” with Thursday’s informal council meeting.
It was the first time the Security Council had met on the unprecedented U.N. commission of inquiry report, which recommends that the council refer its findings to the International Criminal Court. The commission chair says most council members expressly said the matter should be referred. All members but Russia and top Pyongyang ally China attended.
The U.N. Human Rights Committee in Geneva on Thursday condemned the United States for criminalizing homelessness, calling it “cruel, inhuman and degrading treatment” that violates international human rights treaty obligations. It also called upon the U.S. government to take corrective action, following a two-day review of U.S. government compliance with a human rights treaty ratified in 1992. “I’m just simply baffled by the idea that people can be without shelter in a country, and then be treated as criminals for being without shelter,” said Sir Nigel Rodley, chairman of the committee in closing statements on the U.S. review. “The idea of criminalizing people who don’t have shelter is something that I think many of my colleagues might find as difficult as I do to even begin to comprehend.”
The Committee called on the U.S. to abolish criminalization of homelessness laws and policies at state and local levels, intensify efforts to find solutions for homeless people in accordance with human rights standards and offer incentives for decriminalization, including giving local authorities funding for implementing alternatives and withholding funding for criminalizing the homeless. Those recommendations run counter to the current trends in the nation. Laws targeting the homeless—loitering laws that ban sleeping or sitting too long in one public spot, or camping in parks overnight—have become increasingly common in communities throughout the country as homelessness has skyrocketed.
While President Obama told the country to “look forward, not backward” when it came to Bush’s torture program, the United Nations has taken a different route. Recently, the UN Human Rights Committee issued a report excoriating the United States for its human rights violations. It focuses on violations of the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights, to which the country is party. The report mentions 25 human rights issues where the United States is failing. This piece will focus on a few of those issues – Guantanamo, NSA surveillance, accountability for Bush-era human rights violations, drone strikes, racism in the prison system, racial profiling, police violence, and criminalization of the homeless.
The UN’s International Court of Justice (ICJ) has ruled that the Japanese government must halt its whaling programme in the Antarctic. It agreed with Australia, which brought the case in May 2010, that the programme was not for scientific research as claimed by Tokyo.
Japan said it would abide by the decision but added it “regrets and is deeply disappointed by the decision”. Australia argued that the programme was commercial whaling in disguise.
The court’s decision is considered legally binding. Japan had argued that the suit brought by Australia was an attempt to impose its cultural norms on Japan.
The UN has delivered a withering verdict on the US’s human rights record, raising concerns on a series of issues including torture, drone strikes, the failure to close Guantánamo Bay and the NSA‘s bulk collection of personal data.
The report was delivered by the UN’s human rights committee in an assessment of how the US is complying with the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights [ICCPR], which has been in force since the mid 1970s.
The committee, which is chaired by the British law professor Sir Nigel Rodley, catalogued a string of human rights concerns, notably on the mass surveillance exposed by the whistleblower Edward Snowden.