- Commercial Space Industry Faces Hurdles After Recent Accidents
- After two crashes, private space industry faces inevitable questions
- Experts Encourage Space Industry To ‘Stay The Course’
- Branson says space dream lives on, vows safety paramount
- Will space accidents deter pioneer tourists?
- Commercial Space Industry Growing Fast
- Commercialization of space
‘Wrestling with the huge steering wheel, a CIA agent carefully backed the large flatbed truck through an entrance in the 10-foot wooden fence surrounding a salvage yard. As the truck rumbled to a stop, he and other covert intelligence operatives moved quickly under cover of night, pushing the gate closed, barely clearing the front bumper. They then all rushed to the back of the truck, hopped inside and delicately pried open the giant wooden crate it carried, being careful to leave no marks.
And with that, the first stage of their until now secret mission was complete: American intelligence had stolen—or, more accurately, borrowed—one of the Soviet Union’s most important technologies, a Lunik space vehicle, which was a key component in its race with the United States to be the first to reach the moon.
The “kidnapping” of that missile, done without the Soviets ever knowing about it, is one of many wild and sometimes weird secret operations and schemes exposed for the first time in a series of recently declassified government documents concerning the so-called Space Race, which was feared to be important for military reasons but known to be propaganda that could swell national pride.’
‘The U.S. Air Force has kept an unmanned space shuttle in orbit for the past two years, and it seems no one without security clearance knows what it’s been doing up there.
The X-37B Orbital Test Vehicle, which can enter orbit and land without human intervention, is scheduled to touch down this week—the best guess is sometime on Tuesday—at Vandenberg Air Force Base, northwest of Santa Barbara, Calif. The landing will mark completion of the program’s third and longest mission, which was launched on Dec. 11, 2012. The Air Force has two such spacecraft for these low-earth orbit missions, all of which are classified, as are the precise launch and landing times.
“The mission is basically top secret,” says Captain Chris Hoyler, an Air Force spokesman. The X-37B program came from technologies developed by Boeing (BA), NASA, the Air Force, and the Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency (Darpa).’
- What Does the US Military’s New Space Plane Really Do?
- Why the U.S. Military Needs to Control the Moon and Space
- WikiLeaks: US and China in military standoff over space missiles
- The Changing Role of the U.S. Military in Space
- X-37B: Secrets of the US military spaceplane
- Advanced Hypersonic Weapon (AHW)
- SF Chronicle piece on Rods from God
- Pop Sci piece on Rods from God
- United States Space Command
- Militarisation of space
‘[…] While this year’s symposium attracted a reported 400 people, this was a far cry from the thousands who attended the MUFON conference in the late 1970s, after Close Encounters of the Third Kind introduced extraterrestrials to the mainstream moviegoer. That was at a time when a lot of people actually believed that these mysterious things from the sky represented the biggest single thing in history. Since then, despite the recent astronomical findings of the so-called “Goldilocks zone” that postulates sentient life is possible throughout the galaxy, ufology has apparently lost its grip on the public imagination, and has been demoted to a neo-cult status. For the populace at large space is no longer the place. Not that this mattered to those gathered at Cherry Hill. Used to marginalization, they were resolved to keep watching the skies.
[…] It is true that very little beyond a shadow of a doubt forensic proof of alien presence has come to light over the years, but there are a number of subsidiary reasons for the seeming twilight of the UFO moment. With voracious proliferation of vampires, New World Order conspiracies, and the unprecedented rise of evangelical Christianity, the simple flying disc from far, far away has become a quaint, almost nostalgic specter. The saucer may have been the post-war generation’s signifier of the strange, but even versions of the unknown outlive their usefulness. The end of the era may have commenced with William Gibson’s Neuromancer, which located the drama of the unknown inside the claustrophobic cyberspace accessible to the common keyboardist. Instead of the far-flung wonder to the universe, much of what falls under the rubric of contemporary ufology has become deeply interiorized, resigned to the viscous psych-sexual abduction phenomena described and popularized by people like Budd Hopkins, Whitley Strieber, and John Mack.’
‘A new report claims that Russian scientists have discovered traces of marine life living on the exterior of the International Space Station (ISS).
Vladimir Solovyev, the official in charge of Russia’s ISS segment, told the news agency Itar-Tass that tiny plankton and microscopic organisms had been discovered on the spacecraft’s exterior, describing the finds as “absolutely unique”.
However, the truthfulness of Solovyev s claim is unclear, with Nasa refusing to confirm the story. “As far as we’re concerned, we haven’t heard any official reports from our Roscosmos colleagues that they’ve found sea plankton,” Nasa spokesperson Dan Huot told Space.com.’
‘Launch of two satellites for the U.S. Air Force’s recently declassified Geosynchronous Space Situational Awareness Program, or GSSAP, had been slated for July 23, but was delayed one day to resolve a technical issue with ground support equipment and then three more times by poor weather.
…General William Shelton, head of Air Force Space Command, likened GSSAP to a “neighborhood watch program” that will keep tabs on other countries’ satellites. The program “will bolster our ability to discern when adversaries attempt to avoid detection and to discover capabilities they may have which might be harmful to our critical assets at these higher altitudes,” Shelton said during a speech in February that unveiled the once-classified program.’
‘Back in 2012, the Sun erupted with a powerful solar storm that just missed the Earth but was big enough to “knock modern civilization back to the 18th century,” NASA said.
The extreme space weather that tore through Earth’s orbit on July 23, 2012, was the most powerful in 150 years, according to a statement posted on the US space agency website Wednesday.
However, few Earthlings had any idea what was going on.’
‘The United States military once planned to build a surveillance station on the moon.
Code named “Project Horizon,” a declassified report released today on the 45th anniversary of Neil Armstrong’s historic moonwalk outlines the military’s detailed plans to install a moon-to-Earth surveillance system that would have been used for “facilitating communications with and observation of the earth.”‘
‘At a nondescript industrial park in south England, scientists have created a new super-black material — fashioned out of carbon nanotubes — that is so dark it’s like “looking at a black hole.” The material, called Vantablack, absorbs all but 0.035% of the incident light that bounces off it, meaning your eyes essentially can’t see it — you can only see the space around it, and then infer that there must be something occupying that eerie abyss. Vantablack’s first customers are in the defense and space sectors, where the material can be used to make a whole variety of stealth craft and weaponry, and more sensitive telescopes that can detect the faintest of faraway stars.’
‘If there’s one thing we know about the universe, is that there are huge swathes of it that we don’t understand — in fact, most of it we can’t even see. We already knew about Dark Matter and Dark Energy, two despairingly complex and confusingly named pillars of the invisible cosmological infrastructure that has so far evaded detection.
Now to their ranks we can add “dark light”, after a team at CU Boulder found using data from Hubble that up to 80% of light in the universe is “missing”. Using the Cosmic Origins Spectrograph, a $70 million instrument on Hubble to study the “tendrils” of hydrogen that connect galaxies across the vast wastes of space, the team found an inconsistency that — currently — makes no sense.’
‘An international team of astronomers has announced the discovery of a potentially-habitable Super-Earth around the nearby red dwarf star Gliese 832. Located 16 light-years from Earth, it’s considered one of the closest and best habitable-world candidates so far.
Gliese 832-c features a brief orbital period of 36 days and a mass at least five times that of Earth’s. This planet may be close to its red dwarf parent star, but it receives about the same average energy as Earth does from the Sun. According to lead astronomer Robert Wittenmyer from UNSW Australia, the planet might have Earth-like temperatures, though with large seasonal shifts (assuming it has an atmosphere similar to ours). More likely, however, is that it’s a Super-Venus — an oversized terrestrial planet with a hot, dense atmosphere that’s hostile to life.’
‘[…] Why, if saucers are relatively rare in science, have they been such a long-standing element of science fiction?
If you wanted to put a precise date on the origins of our obsession with saucers, the most-cited contender is June 24, 1947. That was the day that Kenneth Arnold, an amateur pilot from Idaho, was flying his little plane, a CallAir A-2, over Mineral, Washington. The skies were clear; there was a light breeze. Arnold, who was en route to an air show in Oregon, was doing a little exploring on the side, near Mount Rainer: A Marine Corps C-46 transport airplane had gone down in the area recently, and there was a $5,000 reward for the person who found the wreckage.
Suddenly, as Arnold would later recall, he saw a bright light—just a flash, like a glint of sun as it hits a mirror when the glass is angled just so. It had a blue-ish tinge. At first, he thought the light must have been coming from another plane; when he looked around, though, all he could see was a DC-4. It seemed to be flying about 15 miles away from him. It was not flashing. And then the lights came again—this time, in a series. Nine flashes, in rapid succession. What did Arnold see that day? Or, more to the point, what would he say that he’d seen?’
‘The United Launch Alliance is caught in a “Beltway knife fight” with SpaceX for some of the most lucrative contracts at the Pentagon. The alliance, which is made up of Boeing and Lockheed Martin, now has sole dominion over contracts with the Defense Department to launch military and spy satellites into space, as they are the only companies certified to provide the services. But that could soon change. SpaceX, a relatively new aerospace company founded by billionaire Elon Musk, argues that Boeing and Lockheed have engineered the system in their favor, and is demanding certification.’
‘The concept is still in the very early experimental stage, but if these 3D renderings are anything to go by, we’re already SO FREAKING EXCITED. Dr Harold “Sonny” White is working on the warp drive program at NASA’s Johnson Space Centre, and came up with this concept with 3D artist Mark Rademaker, Jesus Diaz reports for Sploid. You can see more of their amazing images here.’
‘The US’s National Reconnaissance Office just shot a rocket into space with a secret satellite payload on it that they refuse to tell anyone about. They used a very fancy rocket to launch it, had some very cryptic logos made for it, and pointed it due East from Florida. No one knows for sure what the payload is, but many experts and amateurs alike have some good guesses.’ (The Resident)
Barely six weeks after rolling troops into the Crimean Peninsula, an official from Vladimir Putin’s Russia has announced the country’s next expansion target: the Moon. As reported by the Voice of Russia, Russian Deputy Prime Minister Dmitry Rogozin told the government daily Rossiiskaya Gazeta that establishing a permanent Moon base has become one of the country’s top space priorities.
“The moon is not an intermediate point in the [space] race, it is a separate, even a self-contained goal,” Rogozin reportedly said. “It would hardly be rational to make some ten or twenty flights to the moon, and then wind it all up and fly to the Mars or some asteroids.” Rogozin’s comments were an obvious dig against the US space program. NASA flew its last manned mission to the Moon in 1972 and currently has no plans to return humans to the Earth’s satellite.
The Automated Planet Finder, designed by U.C. San Diego astronomer Steve Vogt, began its work early this year at Lick Observatory in the Santa Cruz Mountains. The telescope has already helped Vogt identify two new planetary systems (HD 141399 and GJ 687). Although they are what Vogt calls “garden variety systems,” they serve as proof of concept that the next-gen telescope performs well at its task of identifying potentially habitable planets.
The telescope uses software to determine, based on weather and visibility, which stars — from a list pre-programmed by Vogt and his colleague Geoffrey Marcy — to monitor on a given night. “The planetary systems we’re finding are our nearest neighbors. Those are the ones that will matter to future generations,” Vogt said in a news release.
A dizzying scientific achievement: Astronomers have gotten a look back at what one scientist calls “the beginning of time … the universe at the very beginning.” That is, they’ve detected gravitational waves that could be the first direct evidence that within a fraction of a trillionth of a second after the Big Bang, the cosmos began to, in the New York Times’ description, “swell faster than the speed of light for a prodigiously violent instant.” Such an event (dubbed “inflation”) was theorized in 1979 by physicist Alan Guth, but finding evidence of it “has been a key goal in the study of the universe,” the AP reports. The findings must still be confirmed by other experiments, though the lead astronomer says there’s only a one in 3.5 million chance the team’s results are a fluke.
Researchers from a number of schools and organizations scanned 2% of the sky with a telescope at the South Pole for three years to arrive at their findings, looking for a specific light-wave pattern in the microwave radiation remaining from the Big Bang. That pattern is caused by gravitational waves (“ripples in the interweaving of space and time that sprawls through the universe,” as the AP puts it), which have been called the Big Bang’s first tremors; they’ve never before been detected. If verified, one scientist says this could be one of the greatest discoveries “in the history of science”; Wired compares its significance to the discovery of the Higgs boson. TheTimes has a great graphic that explains the theory of inflation in layman’s terms … using coffee.
The 715 newfound planets, which scientists announced today (Feb. 26), boost the total alien-world tally to between 1,500 and 1,800, depending on which of the five main extrasolar planet discovery catalogs is used. The Kepler mission is responsible for more than half of these finds, hauling in 961 exoplanets to date, with thousands more candidates awaiting confirmation by follow-up investigations. “This is the largest windfall of planets — not exoplanet candidates, mind you, but actually validated exoplanets — that’s ever been announced at one time,” Douglas Hudgins, exoplanet exploration program scientist at NASA’s Astrophysics Division in Washington, told reporters today.
About 94 percent of the new alien worlds are smaller than Neptune, researchers said, further bolstering earlier Kepler observations that suggested the Milky Way galaxy abounds with rocky planets like Earth. Most of the 715 exoplanets orbit closely to their parent stars, making them too hot to support life as we know it. But four of the worlds are less than 2.5 times the size of Earth and reside in the “habitable zone,” that just-right range of distances that could allow liquid water to exist on their surfaces.
The United States plans to launch a pair of satellites to keep tabs on spacecraft from other countries orbiting 22,300 miles above the planet, as well as to track space debris, the head of Air Force Space Command said. The previously classified Geosynchronous Space Situational Awareness Program (GSSAP) will supplement ground-based radars and optical telescopes in tracking thousands of pieces of debris so orbital collisions can be avoided, General William Shelton said at the Air Force Association meeting in Orlando on Friday.
He called it a “neighborhood watch program” that will provide a more detailed perspective on space activities. He said the satellites, scheduled to be launched this year, also will be used to ferret out potential threats from other spacecraft. The program “will bolster our ability to discern when adversaries attempt to avoid detection and to discover capabilities they may have which might be harmful to our critical assets at these higher altitudes,” Shelton said in the speech, which also was posted on the Air Force Association’s website.
Humankind’s quest to visit Mars suffered a setback this week, when Muslim clerics issued a fatwa against setting up home on the red planet. A group called the General Authority of Islamic Affairs and Endowment, based in the United Arab Emirates, has ruled that an attempt to dwell on the planet would be so hazardous as to be suicidal – and killing oneself is not permitted by Islam.
The ruling came in response to an announcement by the Dutch-based Mars One project, which proposes to send people on one-way trips to colonize the planet, according to the Khaleej Times, an English-language newspaper published in the UAE. “Protecting life against all possible dangers and keeping it safe is an issue agreed upon by all religions and is clearly stipulated in verse 4/29 of the Holy Quran: ‘Do not kill yourselves or one another. Indeed, Allah is to you ever Merciful,’ “the authority said. “Such a one-way journey poses a real risk to life, and that can never be justified in Islam. There is a possibility that an individual who travels to planet Mars may not be able to remain alive there, and is more vulnerable to death.”
Recently, a not-for-profit organization known as Mars One released the list of 1,058 applicants who could be selected for colonization on Mars. Over 200,000 applications were said to have been received by the organization, which aims to “establish human life on Martian soil.”
“We’re extremely appreciative and impressed with the sheer number of people who submitted their applications,” Mars One co-founder Bas Lansdorp was quoted as saying in a press release. “However, the challenge with 200,000 applicants is separating those who we feel are physically and mentally adept to become human ambassadors on Mars from those who are obviously taking the mission much less seriously.”
Those in the former category may want to read a new report regarding the effects of outer space on the human body, however, which states that being in outer space could cause long-term health problems. The report, which was first published in the New York Times, cites multiple negative effects of outer space on the human body, including the swelling that occurs in the human head – due in part to the fact that humans did not evolve outside of the Earth’s atmosphere.
Scientists are saying that the Sun is in a phase of “solar lull” – meaning that it has fallen asleep – and it is baffling them. History suggests that periods of unusual “solar lull” coincide with bitterly cold winters. Rebecca Morelle reports for BBC Newsnight on the effect this inactivity could have on our current climate, and what the implications might be for global warming. (BBC News)
[…] Donald Bradley’s method of foreseeing changes in the market involved assigning a numerical value to the position of the planets and stars and plotting the values on a graph. The peaks and troughs of that line should, in theory, plot “turns” in the fortunes of stocks, bonds and commodities. It sounds utterly mad, but the model has been described by market watcher Peter Eliades as “eerily accurate”.
I wanted to do a statistical analysis of his method and use it if it worked,” says Crawford. Back in the library, Crawford found records of the Dow Jones going back to 1885 and a book outlining the details of planetary positions. After comparing the two, he was impressed.
So Crawford began using astrology alongside his technical analysis. Over the years, Crawford found his predictions working out so well that, in 1977, he set up business as a full-time astrological adviser. He’s since been named “Wall Street’s best-known astrologer” by Barron’s.
Today around 2,000 traders from the United States, Britain, Australia and Japan pay to receive his subscription newsletter. He says, “I’ve got major traders from all the Wall Street companies.” And Crawford’s not the only one. The newsletter of Michigan “astro-finance consultancy” MMA Cycles claims 7,000 subscribers. Commodities trader Henry Weingarten charges up to $1,000 a session at his New York Astrology Center.
In Britain, soothsayers such as Christeen Skinner offer the same service to City traders, entrepreneurs and private investors. According to the Financial Times, financial astrology is “growing in popularity and complexity”.
A team of physicists has provided some of the clearest evidence yet that our Universe could be just one big projection.
In 1997, theoretical physicist Juan Maldacena proposed that an audacious model of the Universe in which gravity arises from infinitesimally thin, vibrating strings could be reinterpreted in terms of well-established physics. The mathematically intricate world of strings, which exist in nine dimensions of space plus one of time, would be merely a hologram: the real action would play out in a simpler, flatter cosmos where there is no gravity.
Maldacena’s idea thrilled physicists because it offered a way to put the popular but still unproven theory of strings on solid footing — and because it solved apparent inconsistencies between quantum physics and Einstein’s theory of gravity. It provided physicists with a mathematical Rosetta stone, a ‘duality’, that allowed them to translate back and forth between the two languages, and solve problems in one model that seemed intractable in the other and vice versa. But although the validity of Maldacena’s ideas has pretty much been taken for granted ever since, a rigorous proof has been elusive.
A giant planet that has been found orbiting its star at 650 times the average Earth-Sun distance has stirred immense confusion in the minds of US astronomers, making them question planet formation theories.
The planet – currently known as HD 106906 b – weighs in at 11 times the mass of Jupiter and is orbiting its star at a massive distance of 60 billion miles – a much further distance than any planet has ever previously been seen orbiting its star.
The planet has been described as unlike anything astronomers have ever seen before.
“This system is especially fascinating because no model of either planet or star formation fully explains what we see,” said Vanessa Bailey, the team’s lead researcher with the University of Arizona’s astronomy department in a news release.
Moon Express, a company competing for a piece of the $30 million Google Lunar XPRIZE, revealed images and blueprints for a lunar probe it plans to launch in 2015 in a steps towards commercializing this country’s access to outer space.
Moon Express’s MX-1 will apparently be able to do a lot of things, and has been described in a number of ways. Fox News said it “is big enough to scoop up some rocks and dirt, store them in an internal compartment, and return it to Earth,” and that it “looks for all the world like a pair of donuts wearing an ice cream cone.” Moon Express CEO and co-founder Bob Richards said “we call it the iPhone of space,” adding that it is “very small.” Small like an iPhone? No, small like “You and I could put our arms around it.”
Fast Company described it as “a futuristic machine that looked to be part hovercraft, part Mars rover.” According to Fast Company, an engineer said that MX-1 is a lunar lander, clarifying ““Well, like, it goes to the moon.”